WERG- Guest Lecture on 'Class versus Gender Equality? Gender-Class Wage Gaps in Three Liberal Markets'
When: 13th of March. 2012 at 2pm.
Where: 1.69. Humanities Bridgeford st, University of Manchester.
What: Guest Lecture on 'Class versus Gender Equality? Gender-Class Wage Gaps in Three Liberal Markets'
ABSTRACT: Evidence to date suggests the gender wage gap is greater in liberal labor markets where overall income inequality is greater, and smaller where successful mobilization efforts narrowed the earnings gap for all workers. Yet class victories can hide gender equality tradeoffs by either excluding women from employment, or exiling them in gendered occupations. We take a more nuanced approach to exploring synergies and tradeoffs between class and gender equality by assessing the pattern of the gender wage gap in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. All three are more liberal labor markets, but the strong Australian labor movement first won greater class equality and later comparable worth. British labor market policies promoted low-quality part-time jobs primarily taken up by women, whereas the United States adhered most closely to liberal tenets to allow market forces to determine relative equality. Wave 6 LIS data and quantile regression reveal these institutional arrangements alter the impact of individual characteristics on hourly wages for each gender and across the earnings distribution. Australian results highlight that the comparable worth policies narrowed the gender wage gap in part by reducing women’s wage penalties associated with balancing employment and family.
Who: Prof. Lynn Prince Cooke, University of Surrey
BIO: Lynn Prince Cooke (BGS Kansas, MBA Michigan, MA Northwestern, DPhil Oxford) combines cross-national institutional comparisons with quantitative analyses of individual-level outcomes using large-scale datasets. Her research, supported by grants from the British Academy, ESRC, and Leverhulme Trust, has been published in American Journal of Sociology, European Sociological Review, Sociology, Journal of Social Policy, and Journal of Marriage and Family, for which she was commissioned to write the decade review article (with Janeen Baxter) on families in international perspective. Her monograph, Gender-Class Equality in Political Economies (Routledge 2011) details how relative group equality in education, work hours, wages, and unpaid domestic work develops over historical time and across individuals’ life courses. She serves as an external reviewer for several international excellence initiatives, is a member of the ESRC peer review college, and is a consulting editor for American Journal of Sociology and on the editorial board of European Sociological Review. Her current research explores how group equality in paid and unpaid work intersects with demographic processes to structure modern inequalities within and across generations.
WERG- Workshop on MPLUS and Structural Equations
When: 15th of Nov. 2010 at 12.30pm.
Where: G.18, Lewis Building, Oxford Rd., University of Manchester.
ABSTRACT: This WERG session aims to present the concept of a threshold as used in confirmatory factor analysis using MPLUS. Our main source for notation is Kaplan (2008) and the MPLUS code and results will be given for two factor models relating to labour markets and gender stereotypes. We hope to have a discussion around two issues (a) is the LIkert scale better used as a continuous variable or as a series of categorical variables (MPLUS and Muthen's methods make it possible to have the latter); (b) when doing a measurement model and later a structural model that embeds that measurement model, do we really need to report the measurement model decision stages to audiences? This will help participants who may end up writing up results of a SEM later on.
Who: Wendy Olsen
Key: WERG = Work & Employment Methods Research Group; SEM = Structural Equation Modelling.
Reference: Kaplan, D. (2008). Structural Equation Modelling: Foundations and Extensions (2nd. ed.). London: Sage.
WERG- Workshop on the Gender Pay Gap
When: Wednesday the 10th of March at 10-1.30pm.
Where: G.33, Humanities Bridgeford st, University of Manchester.
What: A series of Presentations and Panel Discussions on the Gender Pay Gap
How Much Less do Women Earn? Examining Differences by Region. Vanessa Gash
What accounts for the Pay Gap? Hein Heuvelman
Bootstrapping of the Pay Gap. Pierre Walthery
The Pay Gap Across the Earnings Distribution. Leen Vandecasteele
What Drives the Pay Gap? Lessons from a Structural Equation Model. Wendy Olsen
Does the Gender Pay Gap vary across Cohorts? Leen Vandecasteele
WERG- Summer Workshop
When: Thursday the 9th of July at 3.30pm.
Where: G.035/G.036 Arthur Lewis.
What: WERG summer workshop
Ewan Carr - “Conceptualising Individual Vulnerability In Europe: The EU-SILC And Structural Equation Modelling”.
Vanessa Gash - 'Revisiting Unemployment. Cross-National Variation In Unemployment Experience And Self-Classification, Using the EU-SILC, ESS And SHARE Data'
Leen Vandecasteele - "The Structuring Effect Of Social Stratification Determinants And Life Course Events On Poverty Transitions In Europe"
Wendy Olsen - "The Gender Pay Gap In The UK"
WERG-SSRG Joint meeting
When: 5th of May 2009 from 2-3.30pm.
Where: room 1.69 Humanities Bridgeford St.
What: Three research presentations on Multiple Correspondence Analysis, Principal Components Analysis and Latent Class Analysis, with empirical examples
Who: Necla Acik-Toprak, University of Manchester
Leen Vandecasteele, University of Manchester
Wendy Olsen , University of Manchester
Previous meetings: Seminar on parenthood and employment:
Talks by: Helen Norman, University of Manchester
Vanessa Gash, University of Manchester
- HELEN NORMAN, University of Manchester
TITLE: Exposing men as fathers: what constitutes ‘involved fathering’ and how should this be measured?
Abstract:My research focuses on the concept of ‘involved’ fatherhood, which for this study, is defined as a father who is more fully engaged in the nurturing side of parenting. This ideal of fatherhood symbolises a rejection of the normative and traditional ideals of masculinity and fathering behaviour, which states that men should take most responsibility for breadwinning.
Father involvement is affected by individual, household and labour market conditions. In order to identify the key characteristics and socio-demographics of ‘involved’ fathers in Britain, an appropriate measure of ‘involvement’ is derived. This is done by running a principal components analysis (PCA) on a selection of variables from the ‘Millennium Cohort Study’. These variables capture some underlying aspect of involvement, which is defined in terms of three dimensions - accessibility, responsibility and engagement.
This paper presents some preliminary results of the PCA, which show the extraction of three distinct factors that exactly represent the three dimensions of involvement. Correlation between accessibility and the other two dimensions is relatively low, which suggests that fathers do not need to be continually present in the home in order to maintain a high degree of engagement and responsibility. However, there are many conceptual issues and complexities that emerged from this exercise and these will also be discussed.
- VANESSA GASH, University of Manchester; ANTJE MERTENS, Berlin School of Economics and LAURA ROMEU GORDO, The German Centre of Gerentology.
Title: Women between Part-Time and Full-Time Work: The Influence of Changing Hours of Work on Happiness and Life-Satisfaction
Abtract:Psychologists and occupational health researchers have a long tradition of dealing with questions of life satisfaction and well-being, while economists have only recently started to consider such 'soft' indicators as relevant for economic research. This paper addresses this imbalance in its analyses of the relationship between changes in life-satisfaction and changes in working hours. In particular we focus on how different forms of employment influence the life-satisfaction of mothers. We use the GSOEP and BHPS, two longitudinal datasets that record both labour market transitions as well as subjective indicators of well-being.