Events and Seminars
Seminars and Work Sessions
Health and Applied Economics Seminar
3rd of March 2011 12.00pm
2.016/2.017 Arthur Lewis Building
What's the Point of Class? Random Coefficients Versus Latent Class Models
Prof. Frank Windmeijer (University of Bristol).
Not All Incentives Wash Out The 'Warm Glow': The Case of Blood Donation
Prof. Mireira Jofre-Bonet (City University).
Green Nudges - Individual Behaviour, Social Influence and Environmental Sustainability
Friday 11th June 2010
A one-day conference organized by Philosophy, School of Social Sciences, the Changing Peoples Behaviour Group and Sustainable Consumption Institute at the University of Manchester
This multi-disciplinary conference addresses issues involved in the use of 'green nudges'. A 'nudge', a recent academic buzzword owing to Thaler and Sunstein (2008), refers to a non-standard policy instrument aiming at inducing people's 'rational' behaviours, drawing on the recent findings from cognitive psychology and behavioural economics. The conference will address a wide range of questions (conceptual, empirical, practical as well as ethical) arising from using nudges for environmental sustainability in particular. We invite submissions of abstracts from philosophers, behavioural and social scientists, and policy makers.
For more details email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Understanding Decision Making
Dr. Dong-Ling Xu, Senior Lecturer in Decision Sciences at Manchester Business School
Tuesday 10th May 4pm Room 2.016 in Arthur Lewis Building
Citizen Behaviour Interventions - New East Manchester
Alex Hill, Community Safety Co-ordinator, New East Manchester Ltd
Tuesday 20th April. Room 2.016 in Arthur Lewis Building
Abstract: Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour - The rise of anti-social behaviour and the related interventions that have resulted can be clearly traced from the creation of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. There has always been anti-social behaviour, but for the first time there was specific legislation that could be used to combat it. Since then there have been lessons learned and practices changed to ensure that the methods of tackling anti social behaviour are no longer just about enforcement, but also about early intervention and support.
Please see the website for details http://www.ccsr.ac.uk/seminars/lunchtime/
Plagiarism and the Market for Essays
Dr Dan Rigby, Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester
Tuesday 9th February 2010, 1.00- 2.00pm in Simon Building, Room 4.38
Nationally some 29% of students admit to some degree of plagiarism. University of Manchester definition: ‘..presenting the ideas, work or words of other people without proper, clear and unambiguous acknowledgement. It also includes … the submission of material from ‘essay banks’ (even if the authors of such material appear to be giving you permission to use it in this way).’ As plagiarism detection systems have evolved, so has the nature of plagiarism – 11% of students thought that buying an essay from a ghost writing service was common. The UK market for essays written to order was estimated to be worth £200m in 2006. Dan Rigby will discuss the findings from his Faculty-funded project ‘Essay Banks and Detection Rates, Penalties, Costs and Student Choices’. Focussing on specific pieces of work that students at three universities had to complete, Dan used ‘choice experiments’ to investigate the willingness of students to buy essays to order.
Experimental Design for Policy Evaluations - The Impact of Welfare-to-Work Policies
Stephen Morris, Principal Research Fellow, Policy Studies Institute
Tuesday 2nd February 2010 3.45pm Room 2016 Arthur Lewis Building
After providing some policy background and context, this seminar will consider two examples of welfare-to-work evaluations, one conducted on the basis of a, more typical, quasi-experimental design and one evaluation adopting experimentation in the form of random assignment of eligible individuals to programme and control conditions. Research designs and results from the evaluations will be discussed. The benefits of randomisation will be highlighted but also the challenges. Some suggestions for how the challenges posed by randomisation can be tackled will be put forward.
Engineering Social Change in Manchester
Lesley Spencer, Regeneration Coordinator, New East Manchester Ltd
Tuesday 27th October at 12pm - 1pm Room 2.016 in Arthur Lewis Building
In 1998, the New Labour Government announced New Deal for Communities (NDC) as their flagship initiative aimed to bring about neighbourhood renewal in some of the country’s most deprived communities. East Manchester had already been identified as one of the most deprived areas on a scale that set it apart from others. NDC was unique in that it brought a different approach to regeneration, centred on putting residents at the heart of the regeneration process. The Beacons for a Brighter Future (Beacons) initiative was the first Partnership to secure NDC funding which, supported by additional resources from the Government’s Single Regeneration Budget, provided over £75 million to regenerate the neighbourhoods of Beswick, Clayton and Openshaw. Beacons has continually been recognised as one of the leading regeneration programmes ever since, with community engagement at its core. Now in the final year of its 10-year life span, Beacons is recognised as having made a considerable impact in addressing the underlying causes of deprivation. However it turning round an area with such significant needs will take a generation or more and there is considerably more to do to ensure the area’s ongoing success."
Some Findings On 'Excessive Choice', Difficult Choices and Anomalous Choices
Dr. Dan Rigby, Reader in Environmental Economics, University of Manchester
Tuesday 13th October 1-2 pm. Room G.019 Authur Lewis Building
Choice is a dominant theme - economically, politically, socially. There is intellectual interest in understanding choice. Part of this interest is motivated by a desire to ‘nudge’ choices toward “better” outcomes, whether that be better socially, morally, environmentally. The choices analysed occur in a wide range of settings - in the market, at elections, in surveys and experiments. In this seminar I provide an overview of some current research questions and recent empirical findings from research using “choice experiments”. A recurrent theme in the work presented is whether the evidence contradicts the axioms of choice which underlie much choice analysis in Economics – are people making choices in the way the Economist typically assumes.
Professor Loek Halman, University of Tilberg, the Netherlands
Tues 12th Nov 1-2 PM. Room 1.69 HBS
Values have always been of prime concern to scholars in the social sciences. Increasingly, other disciplines (philosophy, law, theology, economy) have entered the debate on fundamental values, while politicians, political leaders and policymakers as well as the mass media have recognized the importance of values in contemporary society. Basic value orientations are assumed to affect people’s social, political, and economic behavior. The European Values Study (EVS) provides a unique insight into these basic value orientations and into their development over time. In this talk the importance and significance of values as latent constructs will be considered. I also examine how values can be defined and measured using the EVS. For full details of the EVS see: www.europeanvaluesstudy.eu.
Civil Society and Volunteering Across Europe
Professor Paul Dekker, Tilburg University & the Institute for Social Research, the Netherlands
Tues 12th Nov 1-2 PM. Room 4.212 University Place
Civil society has very different meanings and definitions range from various normative conceptions of a civilized, free and good society to various descriptions of typical organizations and parts of society. Starting with the latter, I compare national patterns of civil society in Europe and focus on differences in voluntary association membership, volunteering and scale and structure of the non-profit sector. Secondly, I focus on the limited and mixed empirical evidence of the alleged social and political benefits of activities in the sphere of civil society. Thirdly, I sketch a movement of dissolution of this sphere: blurring borders, the growth of hybrid organizations, and the spread of associational relationships on other spheres. Finally, we look at the consequences of this for the ideals of a ‘European civil society’.